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Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelenskyy said Saturday that Russia will not be involved in its latest push to establish new security guarantees following Moscow’s failure to live up to the 1994 Budapest memorandum.
In the aftermath of the collapsed Soviet Union, Ukraine agreed in 1994 to give Russia all its nuclear warheads in exchange for security guarantees.
The agreement was signed by the US, UK, Ukraine and Russia, and by 1996 it had handed over all its nuclear arsenals in compliance with what became known as the Budapest memorandum.
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Russia’s invasion of Ukraine in February was a blatant violation of the agreement.
“Today, we are considering a range of security guarantors from trusted partner countries. We are developing this project with them,” Zelenksyy told a Ukrainian news outlet.
“We have developed it,” he added making clear that Russia has not been involved in this round of talks.
Russia’s more than three-month-long invasion has resulted in the displacement of nearly 13 million Ukrainians and an indeterminate number of civilian casualties, with thousands believed to have been injured and killed.
But Zelenskyy said it was the atrocities uncovered in Bucha following the withdrawal of Russian troops from the area in late March that “changed some things.”
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“We want a separate agreement,” he said. “Today, everything has reached the point where this agreement provides for a circle of partner states around Ukraine without Russia.”
“Security guarantors without Russia,” he added.
It is unclear which agreement and with which countries Zelenskyy was referring to, but a group of 40 top international defense officials established by US Defense Secretary Lloyd Austin in April at the Ramstein Air Base in Germany is expected to increase come Monday.
“There are some countries that have shown an interest in participating that were not in the first meeting,” Pentagon Press Secretary John Kirby told reporters Friday. “There’s not a cap on it, and we would love to have as many people, many countries participate as possible.
“In its first iteration, you had countries from the Middle East, you had countries from the Indo-Pacific,” he said referring to what has become known as the Ukraine Defense Contact Group. “It was not just Europe, and it certainly was not just NATO. There was a true global community there of countries that were interested in what’s going on in Ukraine.”
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Zelenskyy said Ukraine’s new security agreements with foreign nations should not be a negotiating factor in its peace talks with Russia.
The Ukrainian president said the war will only end through diplomacy, but noted an agreement still appears far out.
“There are things that we can not finish other than at the negotiating table,” he said. “We want to return everything, the Russian Federation does not want to give everything away.”